It is often assumed that growing peppers indoors is going to be easy and for the best part that is actually the case. However, just because something is easy does not have to mean that you cannot improve your skills that will ultimately lead to you getting even more peppers to grow on your plants throughout the year. After all, you are putting in all of this effort so you obviously want to be able to get something back in return, don’t you?
Well, as we know that this is indeed going to be the case then the best thing for us to do is to take you through these different important factors and you are going to see that there is nothing in there that is too complicated even for the beginner grower.
- 1. Make Sure of the Growing Medium.
This is probably going to be more important than you realize but you need to pay particular attention to the growing medium that you are using if you want to grow amazing peppers. The wrong soil can not only inhibit the growth of your plant but it can actually kill it off which is why it is so important. The most important things to remember when it comes to the growing medium are as follows.
- The soil has to be very well draining.
- If it holds too much moisture then the roots will rot.
- You can use soilless mediums such as coco coir.
- If you are worried about drainage add some sand or vermiculite.
- It has to allow air into the roots rather than blocking them up.
- 2. Feeding the Young Seedlings.
Feeding those young plants is important but at the same time you do need to be careful with how much fertilizer you give them at any given time. Too much is going to actually be detrimental to the potential success of the plant and there has to be a very real need for you to control the feeding. In order to do so, you should really consider these points.
- Use a slow release fertilizer as seedlings.
- It should only be used occasionally.
- Use a balanced version for best results.
- Use fertilizer again when the fruit begins to appear.
- 3. Understanding Wind and Ventilation.
We mentioned earlier about the importance of air when it comes to helping the roots of your plant and in actual fact it is that important that we are going to mention it a second time. Understanding that there is a very real need for both wind and ventilation is going to help you to produce a healthier plant that will then reward you with more fruit.
- Ventilation and air stops the roots rotting.
- Excess moisture has to be removed to help growth.
- Consider using a fan to help with the process.
- Use natural products as pots and not glazed or plastic as they stop the air.
- 4. Understand the Instructions on the Seed Packet.
If you thought that all you had to do was open the seed packet, throw them in soil and then sit and wait for some time, then you would be wrong. Instead, it is actually very important for you to read the instructions on when it is best to sow the seeds before you do so or else you could be making life harder for yourself.
- Different seeds take different periods of time to germinate.
- The instructions may be slightly different depending on the variety.
- You will be recommended the time of year when to sow them.
- You will be told how best to sow them on the packet.
- 5. Make Sure You Give Them Space.
Here is something that most people do not think about, making sure that you give the plants enough space for them to grow. You see, peppers do like to throw out a lot of roots and if you plant too many of them in the one pot then they are going to compete against one another and you will not have the same yield. Clearly this would be a huge mistake so consider this.
- Have one plant per pot.
- Place in a position in your home where there is no junk.
- The plant has to be allowed to grow without being impeded.
- If you have less free space then grow a smaller plant.
- 6. Be Aware of Lighting.
Any plant needs light in order to grow and the pepper is no different when it comes to this. However, at the same time you need to think about the way in which the light is applied to get the absolute most out of the plant and for people that are new to this it may not be as easy as you think.
- Pepper plants require a lot of light.
- The light has to be consistent.
- Using a grow light is essential when growing indoors.
- Use an LED grow light to provide the correct spectrum of light.
- 7. Getting the Plants to the Correct Temperature.
Apart from the light, it is also important that you are able to get the plants to the correct temperature because either too hot or too cold is going to have a negative impact on the way in which the plants then grow. So, in the case of peppers it is important that you remember these points in order to eliminate any possibility of the temperature having this negative effect.
- Peppers grow best when the temperature is around 70F to 75F.
- You can drop the temperature slightly in the evening without any problems.
- Pepper plants prefer to be warm in the day so use a thermostat to help you.
- Remember that some heat will come from the lights.
- 8. Being Aware of Humidity.
Humidity has always been known to play a role when it comes to how a plant grows and as peppers are generally warm weather plants it is no surprise to discover that they are no different. However, as with the lighting and temperature issues it is also important to have the humidity at the correct level.
- The exact humidity will vary depending on the variety that you are growing.
- Habaneros enjoy high humidity.
- Chili peppers prefer a more moderate humidity.
- For high humidity plants mist them on a regular basis to help.
- 9. Helping Out with Nutrition.
Plants need their nutrition in order to thrive and as you are wanting to grow the best possible peppers then you have to realize that getting to grips with the nutrition of the pepper plant is going to be more important than you may have initially thought. However, do not worry as it is not as difficult to understand as some make out.
- They prefer a mix of 15-15-15
- Pepper plants require nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium to grow.
- You only have to give them these nutrients twice in their year.
- Do it once as seedlings and once when the fruit appears.
- 10. Getting Help with Self-Watering Seed Systems.
If you are completely new to the idea of growing any plant from seed then we understand how it can be quite daunting at times. However, the good news is that you do not have to be the one struggling because there are options out there and one potential idea is to make full use of a self-watering seed system as they have a number of benefits associated with them.
- The amount of water is controlled.
- You cannot overwater and kill the seeds.
- Everything is carefully measured.
- You set it up and let it do its thing.
- 11. Knowing What They Need for Water.
Here is where a lot of people go wrong, the amount of water that they believe pepper plants are going to need in order to thrive. You see, people think that as most of the pepper is actually water that they need to throw it in but that is not actually the case. In actual fact, you need to think about these points when dealing with the watering aspect.
- Peppers require less water than you may initially think.
- Do not give them too much water at any point in their life.
- Make sure the pots have drainage holes so it does not sit in the soil.
- Only water when the top of the soil feels dry.
- Only add enough water so a few drops come out of the drainage holes.
- 12. Be Aware That They Need Oxygen.
Now, you probably already know that plants need oxygen but do you know how much they require? Probably not and there is no need for you to start to panic or get confused as to what to do next. In actual fact, being aware of the kind of oxygen that pepper plants need is going to help with you growing stronger plants and you should remember these points to make life that little bit easier.
- Avoid air pollutants near your plants.
- Do not smoke near them.
- Smoking can cause various issues in your pepper plants.
- Make sure they get fresh air coming in from a window.
- 13. Pinching Off Buds.
The final point that we are going to look at is the importance of pinching off buds and once again you are probably confused as to what this is going to do to the plants. Now, doing this is more important than you realize and it is important for these reasons.
- Pinching off buds means the plant focuses on growing stronger.
- Remove those early flowers or you will reduce your yield.
- Do not worry as more flowers will come later.
After covering these 13 different factors we hope that you are able to see that it is actually quite easy to improve the success rate that you are going to be able to achieve when growing your peppers indoors. Now, we are not saying that this is a completely fool proof way of doing things, but at the same time anything that can improve your chances is surely something that you are going to want to do.