If you are looking at growing peppers indoors and are quite new at the entire thing then there are several important points that we believe you should take into consideration that may very well make a real difference to your potential success. Now, clearly there is no guarantee as to how successful it is going to be, but these pointers should make life a little bit easier for you.
- 1. Understand when to start growing them.
The first tip is being aware of when you should really start growing your peppers. Generally speaking, you should find out the rough date of the last expected frost of the year and then sow the seeds anywhere between 8 to 12 weeks before this date. This should mean that they have germinated and moved into the seedling stage and become established just before the weather is perfect for them.
- 2. Learn some tips about growing them from seed.
This is some sound advice because you should spend some time really picking up as many tips as possible if you are looking at growing peppers from seed. Do not be afraid of them and also do not think that it is going to be beyond you because getting these seeds to germinate is easier than you think.
- 3. Understand the concept of space.
Pepper plants are very aware of the amount of space that they are going to require in order to grow. Their roots are rather extensive and this does mean that you need a larger than expected pot so that they do not become pot bound and this is where people tend to go wrong. Do not cram them all into the one space as this can stress out the plants leading to them not fruiting.
- 4. Understand their need for light.
Pepper plants need light in order to first of all grow and then move into the fruiting stage. If they do not get enough light then you will not get flowers and are going to end up being rather disappointed at the entire thing. The use of a grow light is going to be essential as you may struggle if there is not enough light coming in through a sunny window.
- 5. Choosing the correct grow light for your peppers.
As we just stated that pepper plants need light, we should also mention that you have to spend time getting to grips with the correct type of grow light and as you will see there are different options out there. Fluorescent lights are going to work well, but only in the foliage part and not the flowering or fruiting. High intensity lights are better for fruiting and not the foliage. Instead, the best option will be LED grow lights as they cover both aspects from the one single light.
- 6. Peppers love a certain temperature.
Peppers are rather particular with the temperatures that they enjoy and thrive in so obviously if you are unable to provide them with this then you are going to be making life a bit harder for yourself. If you would like to know the kind of temperature that you are looking at, then anywhere between
- 7. Peppers and humidity.
As we are looking at the growing conditions, then we have to also mention humidity because this is certainly something that can become your friend when dealing with growing peppers indoors. However, the actual levels of humidity that they enjoy is going to vary depending on the variety that you are growing but if you want to increase the humidity then generally misting them once a day will be sufficient.
- 8. The use of hydroponics.
Using hydroponics is something that has become more popular in recent times as systems have become more efficient and people have realized that things are not as difficult as they had perhaps initially believed. Anything that involves you growing a plant without the use of soil is known as hydroponics but most people just refer to it in conjunction with the growing of plants in water and with a nutrient solution. This can be effective when it comes to your pepper plants, but you have to make sure that you use the correct solution or plants will suffer. However, do look at it as an option.
- 9. Think carefully about the growing medium.
Some attention has to be paid to the growing medium that you are using especially if you are going with the age old method of using soil. Now, pepper plants need soil that is well draining as they hate to have their feet wet so do not use normal garden soil. Instead, a mix of fertile soil along with some sand or perlite is going to be the best option and your pepper plants will absolutely love you for it.
- 10. Think carefully about the plants you are going to grow.
This is another area that people do not spend too much time over when it is actually far more important than they realize. There are a huge number of varieties of pepper plants for you to choose from and some are best suited to certain conditions than others. Look at the conditions you are able to provide, including the space aspect, and then tie this in with the variety you are thinking about growing. Also, some are going to need more care and attention throughout their growing phase and also others will produce more fruit than some.
- 11. Be aware of their need for water.
Peppers need water, but here is the surprising part, they need less water than most people are aware of. In actual fact, it is all too easy for you to give them too much water and that is not exactly going to work out well for you or your plant. You see, peppers need just a moderate amount of water and you can easily kill them if you either do not give them enough or give them too much. Generally speaking, you should be looking at checking the soil at the top of the pot and if it feels dry then it is time to give them a slight watering. However, do check that you have drainage holes in the bottom so any excess water can flow out.
- 12. Understand that they have nutritional needs.
Pepper plants have very specific nutritional needs so obviously you want to provide them with what they need just to make your life a bit easier and to then have pepper plants that you can be proud of. The most important thing of all is that they are not the heaviest of feeders and generally you can give them nutrients when they are first planted and then when the first peppers are making an appearance.
- 13. They are going to require fertilizer.
Pepper plants do need you to use a fertilizer but it is important to make sure that you do use the correct one or else you could be causing more problems for yourself in the long term. With this, there is a very real need for it to be a balanced fertilizer which means the same levels of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium because if one is out of sync with the other then there is going to be inadequate growth. Use organic fertilizer and even consider some manure when initially planting them.
- 14. Understand their requirement for oxygen.
This might sound stupid to say, but people do not pay enough attention to the oxygen requirements for their pepper plants and that can then lead to the plant struggling along. Pepper plants need clean air so you should not keep them in an area where there is smoke or any other kind of pollutant. This also includes odors and there must always be a supply of fresh air able to get to them or else you run the risk of mold developing on the plants.
- 15. Give them ample time to grow.
There is nothing worse than trying to push plants on to grow faster than nature is intending as that can then lead to your peppers just not producing fruit and you being left very disappointed. Instead, if you give them the correct growing conditions then they are going to be quick enough to reward you. Now, how long they take to grow is going to depend on the variety as it does vary quite considerably. You should generally expect it to take two weeks for seeds to germinate, a month to see a real difference in the plants and up to three months for the fruit to develop and be ready.
As you can see, the points that were mentioned above are not exactly difficult and yet the difference they can make can be astounding. However, you do need to keep a close eye on things to ultimately get the peppers that you were hoping for.