When it comes to you successfully growing banana peppers indoors then there are several important factors that you need to take into consideration. You see, in order to get the kind of yield that you are looking for it is important that you are aware of the specific conditions that this type of pepper plant enjoys because by doing so, and providing it with the perfect growing environment, you are going to discover that the plant will then reward you in kind.

Now, for those individuals that are new to growing peppers indoors then the tips we are going to offer you are like gold. However, for those that have had a go at this before, we are sorry if we go over some old ground at points.

Step 1: Understanding the Different Varieties of Banana Pepper.

First, we should really begin by looking at some of the different varieties of banana pepper that you could end up growing. These peppers are not that long and it does mean that they are perfect for growing indoors although we are going to look at this in a bit more detail later on.

At this moment in time the first thing that you need to be aware of is that they come in both sweet and hot varieties and this does provide you with a whole host of options. However, there are other important points to mention when it comes to the varieties and types of banana peppers.

  • They are harvested either yellow, orange, or red.
  • They are long and slender.
  • They have waxy skins.
  • The sweet variety is the most common.
  • The hot variety takes longer to get to the harvesting stage.

Step 2: How to Correctly Propagate Your Banana Pepper.

Next, we have to look at how you are going to be able to correctly propagate your banana pepper. You see, propagation is going to help to produce the perfect growing conditions for your plant and that is going to make a huge difference to the way in which the seedling, or seed, develops from the outset. Propagation will help to not only provide the heat that is required to get things started but also the humidity and those two things are really able to propel things forward. When looking at propagating your banana pepper do remember these following points.

  • Propagation means the temperature and humidity stays steady.
  • This is something that the plants need in order to become established.
  • If propagating to get seeds going then remove it at the first sign of life.
  • Do not over water the soil when propagating and instead just mist.

Step 3: How to Plant Your Banana Peppers.

This next step is focused on how you are going to plant your banana peppers and getting this part correct is going to have an impact on how well the plant can then become established in the pot as it starts to grow. Now, once again there is nothing special here and there is no way that you will find this part difficult.

  • Make sure that the hole is twice the width of the root ball and the same depth.
  • If you are planting in a row then they have to be at least18cm apart.
  • Only ever put them in soil when the temperature is going to constantly be above60F.
  • If you are planting in rows then there must be24cm between rows.

Step 4: The Container.

But what about the container that you are going to end up using? Well, there are a number of different options out there that are going to be suitable for banana peppers although, at the same time, there are some options that you need to absolutely avoid simply because of the way in which they can inhibit the growth of the plant. So, think about these points with the container.

  • It should be a 3 to 5 gallon pot at least.
  • Make sure it has good drainage holes in the bottom.
  • Use clay or wood as a container.
  • Clay or wood allows more air into the roots and moisture out.
  • Plastic and concrete or glazed pots stop air and it needs that circulating.

Step 5: The Drainage Aspect.

We quickly mentioned it in the previous point, but drainage is a massive issue when it comes to growing banana peppers indoors. You see, these plants do need water but not as much as you think so it is important that there is good drainage in their container or you are going to develop root rot. This will be a disaster for the plant and you will stand the chance of losing everything.

  • The container must have good drainage or there will be problems.
  • Learn more about the type of soil that they need to grow as this helps drainage.
  • Never have them sitting in water as that is also going to be a disaster.

Step 6: Understanding the Soil Situation.

Soil is important because get the type of soil wrong and you are going to end up having a rather sad and depressed banana pepper plant. You see, the type of soil has to be precise or else the plant is going to struggle to grow as the roots are looking for something quite specific. So, when it comes to the soil it is important that you keep these points in mind at all times.

  • The soil has to be well draining at all times.
  • It has to be light so it does not hold onto too much moisture.
  • It also has to allow air to get through it.
  • Add sand or perlite to soil if it is too heavy.

Step 7: Coping with the Temperature.

What you have to remember is that pepper plants originate from a warm climate and the banana pepper is no different. However, they are slightly more hardy than most people are going to give them credit for but that does not mean that you are then able to just ignore the temperature. So, with that in mind the key points regarding the temperature are as follows.

  • Never plant outside if the temperature is going below60F.
  • Avoid having the temperature over90F and too humid.
  • If this is the case you are going to have to move it to a slightly cooler spot.
  • They cannot cope with wild changes in temperature so try to keep it constant.

Step 8: Applying Water.

Pepper plants do like water but less of it than you would imagine. Indeed, giving them too much water is a common mistake and the only thing that then happens is the plant ends up with diseases. So, when dealing with water it is important to think about these points.

  • Water them on a regular basis.
  • Make sure that the soil at the top is always moist.
  • Watch for water coming out of the drainage holes and stop as soon as it does.
  • Never have waterlogged banana peppers.

Step 9: Using Fertilizer Correctly.

Peppers do enjoy fertilizer as they need a balance between nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium for them to really excel when it comes to both growing and producing fruit. However, it is important to be aware of when you need to apply the fertilizer because get this wrong and you are going to have a negative effect on the plant.

  • Use an organic vegetable fertilizer.
  • Use it twice a month.
  • Never hit it hard with nitrogen.
  • Add epsom salts if you are lacking in magnesium in the soil.

Step 10: The Concept of Pinching.

If you have never heard of the concept of pinching then let us explain. This is an idea whereby you eventually stop the plant from reaching for the stars and encourage it to grow wider and bushier as this is also then going to increase the yield. This might sound difficult but the concept is easy to understand.

  • Pinch out the tips and shoots to stop vegetative growth.
  • Take off the earliest blooms.
  • This forces the plant into growing in the areas that you want it to.
  • The plant will then be stronger as a result.

Step 11: Supporting the Plant.

Supporting the plant is also important because the weight of the fruit is going to mean that there is a certain amount of pressure being applied to the plant and that can then lead to problems. Supporting it gets around this issue.

  • Use a wooden stick to give it support and tie the main stem to it.
  • Use a small wooden trellis to train the plant against it.
  • This takes some pressure off the plant without obstructing its growth.

Step 12: Mulching and the Banana Pepper Plant.

Mulching may very well be one of those terms that you have heard and yet know next to nothing about. However, the actual concept is so much easier to understand than most people are aware and it is easy to do.

  • Always use organic material for mulching.
  • Mulching around the roots of the plant helps moisture.
  • The nutrients in the mulch also helps the plant.

Step 13: Dealing with Pests and Diseases.

Next, we have to look at the way in which you can deal with pests and diseases because banana peppers are prone to them just like so many other plants out there. The most common problems to look out for are:

  • Aphids
  • White fly
  • Thrips
  • Cutworms

Always use organic measures when dealing with any pests or diseases with your banana pepper.

Step 14: Harvesting the Peppers.

It is also important for you to be aware of the correct time to harvest these peppers as that is obviously going to mean that you get the fruit at the best possible moment and can enjoy it even more. Generally speaking, the main points to think about when it comes to this issue are as follows.

  • They are ready when fully mature.
  • They tend to be 4 to 8 inches long.
  • It takes about 70 days after transplanting.
  • Cut the stem 1cm above the fruit.

Step 15: Storing the Peppers.

If you are growing a few plants then you might be hit with an influx of peppers so knowing how to store them is important. When it comes to this variety there are several things to keep in mind.

  • Do not put them in the fridge.
  • Consider pickling them.
  • Stagger the plants so you do not get them all at the one time.
  • Freeze them although they are soft when thawed.
  • They can last for a week on their own.

Step 16: The Different Uses for Banana Peppers.

Finally, there are a number of uses for banana peppers that are worth exploring and it is entirely up to you as to which options you wish to pursue. However, the key uses are as follows.

  • They are brilliant for pickling.
  • They are brilliant in sauces.
  • You can add them to relishes.
  • They can work in a salad or a sandwich.

So, those are 16 different things that you really should know in advance about growing banana peppers indoors and as you can see there is actually nothing too complex about it at any point. Instead, some common sense and patience on your part is the key here and by the end of the growing season there is no reason to doubt that you will not then have a substantial crop of some pretty amazing peppers.