When it comes to trying to propagate either succulents or cacti then it is best that you approach this in the correct manner from the outset. By doing so, you will increase your chances of the cuttings or seedlings that you have actually being able to evolve into mature plants and without too many problems either. However, the best part is that we do not just recommend one single method of doing this, but rather we are recommending six different ways that really do work.
1. Trying Propagation with Seeds.
Propagating with seed might not be the best option for those individuals that are new to trying to grow these kinds of plants as the germination process can be quite tough at times. This is also going to take some time to get to the stage where you have a plant that is something that you can recognize.
· Soak the seeds for a short period of time in warm water.
· This allows the protective shell to be prepared for planting.
· Add the correct soil to your planter.
· Sprinkle the seeds on top of the soil ready for planting.
· Add a light covering of either sand or succulents soil.
· Give them a light watering.
· Make sure that you provide enough heat and light to get them to germinate.
2. Trying Propagation with Stem Cuttings.
Using stem cuttings for the sake of propagating succulents is not new and it is probably one of the easiest methods available. However, even with this you need to be careful with what you do as it is all about taking the best possible cutting and then giving it time to take root. So, if you feel inclined to give this method a shot, then these are the steps to take.
· Take a mature and healthy plant.
· Cut just under a stem joint.
· Try to have another stem joint on the cutting.
· Remove lower leaves from the cutting.
· Pot it up in a container of either pure sharp sand or vermiculite.
· Consider using some rooting hormone powder to help get it started.
3. Trying Propagation with Leaf Cuttings.
The cool thing about succulents and cacti is that you can use a healthy leaf and grow a new plant from it. With this method there is really very little that you have to do in order to make this a success and if you are confused as to how you can propagate from just a leaf, then do not concern yourself with this as it is just one reason why these plants are pretty amazing.
· Remove a leaf from a healthy plant.
· It should come off with just gentle persuasion.
· This is the preferred method for propagation for most people.
· Leave the leaf alone for up to 4 days to allow the wound to heal.
· Once it has calloused, prepare it for planting.
· Use some soil, wet it, and place the leaf on top.
· Mist the leaf when it is dry and give it lots of light and heat.
4. Trying Propagation with Using Offsets.
If you have never heard about using offsets for propagation, or perhaps even have no idea what it is in general, then here is a brief explanation. Offsets are those small succulents that you see popping up at the base of the mother plant and they are fantastic things to use for propagation.
· These plants are genetically identical to the mother plant.
· They have already rooted and got past the initial difficult stage.
· You simply have to remove them and transplant them.
· If they are still attached to mother plant then cut with a knife.
5. Trying Propagation with Grafting.
Grafting is another potential method of propagation that has been shown to be rather effective with succulents or cacti and, once again, it is going to be something that does need a slightly better explanation. This is a method that is perhaps not for the new person but it is something that is going to work if you just take your time.
· Grafting involves taking parts from two plants as if they are growing as one.
· The upper part is from one plant and the root from another.
· Carefully remove a stem from a healthy plant.
· Carefully remove the root section from another healthy plant.
· Use garden twine to attach the stem onto the other plant.
· Plant the root ball in suitable potting compost and water.
· Keep a close eye on the twine so the two can graft onto one another.
6. Trying Propagation with Division.
Finally, we have the concept of division and this is also something that is relatively straightforward to do especially when you have a healthy and strong mature plant. With this, there are just a few simple steps that need to be followed in order to have a fantastic new plant to propagate and it is one that is going to stand a very good chance of developing into something that is extremely healthy.
· Move the soil away from the roots of the mature plant.
· Separate a section of the plant at the roots.
· Make sure that you have a stem included in the division.
· Replant it in another container.
· Make sure that the soil used is well-draining.
· Give it a light watering.
So, those are the six methods that we have to discuss when it comes to being able to propagate either succulents of cacti and as you can see there is actually nothing that complex about it either. The key is to just take your time, make sure that you know what you are doing and then have faith in yourself and the plants will then reward you. Do not rush any part because one mistake can lead to all kinds of problems and you do not want to feel frustrated if it does not work out, do you?