There are so many potential herbs that you are able to grow indoors that it makes a lot of sense for you to understand some basic points regarding the most common varieties before you start the growing process. Each herb requires its very own particular approach in order for its growth to be a success so you should certainly avoid doing anything until you have conducted your research. In saying that, the following basic information is going to ultimately prove to be rather useful for most people.

1. Basil.

Culinary Uses:-

Basil is used in so many different recipes that it is impossible to list them here. However, it is widely used in Italian cooking so add it to pasta along with pesto, sauces, and even salads. Its versatility and adaptability is what makes it stand out from the crowd. It will often have a slight spicy taste or a hint of licorice but it all depends on the variety that you are using as it does vary.

Indoor Basil Varieties:-

There are so many different indoor basil varieties to choose from including the likes of Genovese basil, sweet basil, Thai basil, Greek basil and the ever popular Italian basil.

Brief Growing Tips:-

As soon as you see the start of flowers appearing on the plant then snip them off. Failure to do so will lead to the plant becoming far too woody. You are also going to need to give it a lot of space as well as it can grow quite tall if allowed to do so.

Remember these bullet points for growing basil.

  • Basil is easy to germinate from seed.
  • Basil is not hardy and is very tender when it comes to temperature.
  • Basil loves full light for at least six hours per day.
  • Basil needs fertile soil that is light and is quite dry.
  • Basil is a heavy feeder and requires organic fertilizer.
  • Basil can grow up to 2ft in height.
  • Basil plants should be spaced 9 to 12 inches apart.

2. Lemon Balm.

Culinary Uses:-

Lemon balm is best used as a substitute for lemon peel in recipes although it also adds a kick to soups and is brilliant in dressings for salads. You can also add it to hot water to make a delicious drink.

Indoor Varieties:-

Lemon balm has fewer indoor varieties but it does grow well indoors. You should be looking for Melissa officinalis to give it its Latin name.

Growing Tips:-

Lemon balm is used in a number of different ways, but remember these following bullet points when it comes to successfully growing it indoors.

  • Lemon balm can be germinated from seed and it takes anywhere between 9 to 21 days.
  • It is hardy and can survive winter when grown outdoors.
  • It enjoys moderate amounts of shade when growing.
  • It requires a sandy mix that drains well to survive.
  • It needs feeding more in winter.
  • It grows up to 2ft in height.
  • Plants should be spaced between 12 to 15 inches apart.

Chives.

Chives is used in a number of recipes but mainly soups and even salads due to its milder flavor than onion or garlic. In addition, you can add it to sauces for a bit of an extra kick.

Indoor Varieties:

Chives can be grown indoors quite easily. You should be looking at the species known as Allium schoenoprasum and the Allium part shows its origins.

Growing Tips:

When growing chives, you should keep the following bullet points in mind.

  • It is best to germinate them indoors under fluorescent lights.
  • It is very hardy and will survive colder temperatures.
  • It prefers full sun or strong fluorescent lights.
  • It needs rich and well drained soil to survive.
  • It does need fertile soil full of nutrients.
  • It grows up to 18 inches in height.
  • Plants should be spaced between 6 to 9 inches apart.

Mint.

Culinary Uses:

Mint is wonderful in tea as well as to make a jelly to go with lamb. Also, you can add it to vinegar for a minty dressing.

Indoor Varieties:

There are different varieties including mint, spearmint and peppermint.

Growing Tips:

When growing mint, keep the following bullet points in mind.

  • Germinate indoors up to 10 weeks before the final frost.
  • Mint is very hardy and will survive winter well.
  • Mint requires full light so grow lights are a great option.
  • The soil has to be rich and moist as well as good drainage.
  • Fertilize the soil in the spring to last all year.
  • It grows up to 18 inches in height.
  • Space them up to 24 inches apart due to their spread.

Parsley.

Culinary Uses.

Parsley can be used in a variety of meat dishes as well as being added to salads and soups although some also use it for garnish in a range of dishes.

Indoor Varieties.

You have different options from curled leaf parsley to rooted and also fernleaved parsley with them all able to be grown indoors.

Growing Tips.

When growing parsley indoors do remember the following key points.

  • Soak the seeds in water first or they will take weeks to germinate.
  • It is not too hardy as it is grown as an annual.
  • It prefers full sun so indoor grow lights as a must.
  • It tolerates most soils but does prefer rich and well-drained.
  • It requires high nitrogen levels to grow successfully.
  • It grows up to 18 inches tall.
  • It should be spaced up to 12 inches apart.

Oregano.

Culinary Uses.

Oregano is a popular herb that appears in a number of dishes. It appears in a number of Italian dishes including pasta and pizza although it also works well with lamb stews as well.

Indoor Varieties.

There are very few indoor varieties but they do grow well as long as you have the correct equipment set up and can provide the correct type of soil.

Growing Tips.

When growing oregano indoors do remember the following key points.

  • Oregano seeds take up to 14 days to germinate in cool temperatures.
  • It is a perennial so is quite hardy.
  • It needs a lot of light so grow lights are important.
  • It needs quite a sandy and dry soil to thrive.
  • It requires a moderate amount of fertilizer as it is not a heavy feeder.
  • It grows up to 18 inches in height.
  • It needs up to 15 inches between plants.

Rosemary.

Culinary Uses:

Rosemary has a number of culinary uses including pizza, pasta, olive oil as a dressing, pork, focaccia, and lamb as it is quite aromatic and provides a real kick to the dishes.

Indoor Varieties:

There are few varieties available but rosemary is certainly something that can grow well indoors although it does not require a substantial amount of water in order to survive.

Growing Tips:

To successfully grow rosemary at home, you should remember the following key points.

  • It takes up to 25 days to germinate so patience is required and moist soil.
  • It is very hardy and can survive winter with some protection.
  • It prefers full sun so you do need grow lights.
  • The soil should be dry and very well drained.
  • It can grow up to 6ft tall in some conditions.
  • Plants should be spaced 18 to 24 inches apart.

Thyme.

Culinary Uses:

Thyme has always been a popular herb and in particular in Italian dishes. Furthermore, it can be added to soups and stews and a number of people enjoy it with poultry.

Indoor Varieties:

There are over 300 varieties of thyme available from lemon thyme to orange balsam, the classic thyme and so many more each with its own flavor and aroma.

Growing Tips:

To successfully grow thyme at home keep the following points in mind.

  • You can grow from seed or cuttings but it does require grow lights.
  • The plant is very hardy and it is going to be able to withstand most conditions.
  • The plant requires full sun so indoors it will need powerful lights.
  • It prefers a light soil that is also very well drained.
  • If you use a good potting mix then it will not need fertilizer.
  • It grows to anywhere between 12 to 18 inches in height.
  • Plants should be spaced 18 to 24 inches apart.

Cilantro.

Culinary Uses:

Cilantro is also known as coriander and it is used widely in Indian cooking as well as Mexican dishes due to it being a wonderful addition to salsa. Cilantro refers to the leaves of the plant and it can have a slight lemony taste.

Indoor Varieties:

There are several varieties available for you to grow. Consider searching for varieties such as Jantar, Long Standing and Leisure.

Growing Tips:

If looking to grow cilantro at home remember these important tips.

  • Germinate the seeds in starter cubes before transferring to larger pots.
  • It is not hardy and is an annual plant rather than perennial.
  • It does require a reasonable amount of light so grow lights are important.
  • The soil has to be well draining and also fertile.
  • It does enjoy some organic fertilizer throughout the year.
  • It grows to 18 to 24 inches in height.
  • It needs spacing of 9 to 12 inches between plants.

Dill.

Culinary Uses:

Dill is mainly used with fish and in particular salmon and trout. It has a lemon and anise aroma to it and it is also used as a garnish or included in soups and salads.

Indoor Varieties:

There are a few varieties available for you to grow. Look for names such as bouquet, long island, and mammoth but be aware that mammoth is large in size.

Growing Tips:

If you are thinking about growing dill indoors, then remember these key points.

  • Seeds will take 7 to 10 days to germinate and you should use root cubes.
  • It is not hardy and will not survive the frost.
  • It requires a high intensity light to grow indoors.
  • It needs a moderately rich soil that is well drained.
  • It requires very little fertilizer if the soil is rich.
  • It grows up to 3ft in height.
  • Plants should be spaced 12 to 15 inches apart.

Sage.

Culinary Uses:

Sage is widely used in food such as sausages as well as adding flavor to fatty dishes. It is popular in both Italian and British cooking and it can also go with poultry as well but as a stuffing.

Indoor Varieties:

There are not too many varieties available but the most popular includes pineapple sage, purple sage, common sage, and berggarten sage.

Growing Tips:

If growing sage indoors remember these important points.

  • Seeds require a lot if light to germinate.
  • It is very hardy and should survive the winter.
  • Grow lights need to be around 4 inches off the plant.
  • It requires rich and well draining soil.
  • It requires a lot of feeding throughout the year.
  • It grows between 24 to 36 inches in height.
  • Plants should be spaced 24 to 36 inches apart.

Lavender.

Culinary Uses:

Lavender in cooking is used sparingly. It can be cut up and added to fruit or in France to some desserts as well as in some baking. Alternatively, make a syrup with it to be poured on.

Indoor Varieties:

There are several varieties including English lavender, Munstead, French lavender and Spanish lavender.

Growing Tips:

If growing lavender indoors then remember these key points.

  • Germination takes up to 28 days and is difficult.
  • It is not too hardy but can survive indoors over winter.
  • It can tolerate some shade but does prefer high intensity light.
  • The soil should be light, well drained and not too rich.
  • It does not require a lot of fertilization during its life.
  • It grows up to 12 to 18 inches in height.
  • Plants should be spaced 18 to 24 inches apart.

Marjoram.

Culinary Uses:

Marjoram is mainly used in blends of herbs in sauces and other condiments such as herbes de Provence.

Indoor Varieties:

There are three varieties that are most commonly grown. These include sweet, pot, and wild marjoram.

Growing Tips:

If growing marjoram indoors do remember the following key points.

  • It takes up to 14 days for seeds to germinate under lights.
  • It is not hardy and does not enjoy cold temperatures.
  • It prefers full sun so grow lights are essential.
  • It prefers rich and very well drained soil to grow.
  • It is a heavy feeder so does require regular fertilizer.
  • It grows to between 24 to 36 inches in height.
  • Plants should be spaced 15 to 18 inches apart.

Peppermint.

Culinary Uses:

Peppermint is used to create peppermint tea as well as mint sauce to accompany some meats and in the UK it is generally served with lamb. It is also widely used in Middle Eastern dishes and poultry dishes as well although this is sparingly. You may also want to try it in desserts.

Indoor Varieties:

There are a number of indoor varieties including peppermint, spearmint, ginger mint and orange mint although spearmint is the most commonly grown.

Growing Tips:

If growing peppermint indoors then do remember these following points.

  • It takes 12 to 16 days to germinate under lights.
  • It is very hardy and will survive colder temperatures.
  • It needs high intensity lights several inches above the plant.
  • It prefers a rich soil that is kept moist.
  • It needs fertilizer in the spring.
  • It grows 12 to 18 inches in height.
  • It needs up to 4 feet between plants.

Tarragon.

Culinary Uses:

It is used a lot in French dishes and often in sauces to accompany steak. However, it is also used in dressings for salads or mixed in mayo for seafood and other meats.

Indoor Varieties:

There are three main varieties including French, Russian and Mexican tarragon.

Growing Tips:

If growing tarragon indoors, then remember these key points.

  • Use grow blocks to get it germinated and it takes around 10 days.
  • It is not too hardy a plant but some protection can help it to survive.
  • It needs strong grow lights when grown indoors.
  • It needs deep pots of rich soil that is well draining.
  • It does need some fertilizer but it is not a heavy feeder.
  • It grows between 12 to 36 inches in height.
  • Plants need to be spaced 18 to 24 inches apart.

So, there we have it, the top 15 culinary herbs to grow indoors and as you can see there are a number of options and it will be all too easy for you to be able to find something that fits in with your culinary requirements. Herbs are such fun to grow so make the most of them as they are not even that difficult even for the new gardener.